We restricted analysis to the three major AAI classifications (Autonomous, Dismissive and Preoccupied) since the examination of unresolved states of mind with respect to attachment, and how these states of mind may be related to later caregiving behaviors and thinking, was beyond the scope of this paper. Replacing the 10 AAI-Unresolved protocols with secondary classifications resulted in 46 parents (59.7%) classified as Autonomous, consistent with the van IJzendoorn and Bakermans-Kranenburg ( 1996 ) norms presented for the AAI (58% base rate). Seventeen parents (22.1%) were classified as Preoccupied and 14 (18.2%) as Dismissive. On the P-CAI, 50 parents were classified as Autonomous (64.9%), 16 as Dismissive (20.8%) and 11 as Preoccupied (14.3%). There were no assignments to the Disorganized category. Classification distributions did not differ for fathers, as compared to moms and dads, neither with respect to the AAI (Likelihood exact ratio G(2, 1) = 1.4, p = .49) nor regarding the P-CAI (Likelihood exact ratio G(dos, 1) = 2.4, p = .31).
Cross-tabulation of each parent’s attachment (AAI) and caregiving (P-CAI) classifications (Table 2) revealed strong concordance (fathers’ Likelihood exact ratio G(cuatro, 1) = , p< .0001, Kappa = .61, p< .0001; mothers' Likelihood exact ratio G(4, 1) = 25.4, p < .0001, Kappa = .58, p< .0001). Prediction of P-CAI classification from AAI classification resulted in 77.8% exact agreement for fathers, 78% exact agreement for mothers, and 77.9% exact agreement for the entire sample (86% for Autonomous, 72.7% for Preoccupied and 56.2% for Dismissive).
Stepwise logistic regression are did towards P-CAI categories dichotomized, insecure (Dismissive/Preoccupied) versus secure (Autonomous). First study to evaluate potential affects regarding record details (mother many years, numerous years of education, quantity of youngsters, chronilogical age of attention boy, relational standing) revealed that brand new parent’s years of studies have been associated with their/their caregiving symbol classification (Wald = 5.21, p = .02), with an increase of years of training quite decreasing the probability of a keen Independent class with regards to parental caregiving. So it changeable are managed to have into the further research (joined since step 1). To possess anticipate of safer caregiving class (P-CAI/F) i ergo entered, from inside the step one, numerous years of education as well as the parent’s possible loving and you may rejecting knowledge that have mom and dad, respectively (Dining table step three). Truly the only significant predictor try likely enjoying enjoy into mother (Wald = 8.97, p = .003). Notably, numerous years of education produced zero tall sum toward final predictive design. The new co-parent’s connection scriptedness (ASA-score), with a high ratings exhibiting a coherent dysfunction out of sensitive and you can responsive child-rearing, registered inside the another action somewhat improved forecast out-of secure caregiving, and this classified 84.2% of the instances accurately. Parent gender, entered inside a third action, generated zero contribution, showing that mother or father gender isn’t implicated when you look at the, and will not separate the new prediction regarding, complete quality of caregiving expression (P-CAI) (H5). Regarding the last design (Desk step 3), likely enjoying feel with regards to mothers (AAI) rather enhanced, and you can possible event regarding rejection of the the dads (AAI) somewhat less, parents’ probability of being classified since that have Independent caregiving representations.
To address hypotheses 2–4 concerning links between specific state of mind dimensions of the parent’s caregiving representation and his/her classification with respect to attachment, MANOVA was carried out with P-CAI state of mind subscales as dependent variables: idealization of the child and co-parent, respectively, derogation of the relationship to the child, anger towards the child and co-parent, respectively, parental guilt, and preoccupied feelings of rejection. Parent AAI-classification (Dismissive vs. Preoccupied vs. Autonomous) and gender (mother vs. father) were grouping variables. In addition to the expected main multivariate effect of AAI classification (Wilks’?, F(14, 128) = 7.28, p< .0001, ? 2 = .445), the analysis revealed a multivariate effect of parent gender (Wilks'?, F(seven, 64) = 2.65, p = .018, ? 2 = .225), and a multivariate AAI-classification X gender interaction effect (Wilks’?, F(14, 128) = 2.74, p = .001, ? 2 = .231). Among parents with Preoccupied (AAI/E) current attachment representations, there was more preoccupying anger toward the co-parent among mothers, compared to fathers, F(step 1, 71) = 4.88, p = .03, ? 2 = .06 (Mfathers = 2.10, SD = 1.41, Mmothers = 2.37, SD = 1.87) (Figure 1(a)). The multivariate effect of co-parent attachment scriptedness (ASA) as covariate was not statistically significant in this analysis (Wilks’?, F(eight, 64) = 1.87, p = .09, ? 2 = .169), but a univariate effect on parental guilt was found, with more elaborate and readily available attachment scripts in the co-parent predicting lower levels of preoccupying guilt in the parent. Notably, the gender difference in preoccupying anger towards the co-parent was no longer significant.